Major Alternative Football Leagues 2022

Major Alternative Gridiron Football Leagues in 2022 included the Canadian Football League (CFL), Liga de Football Americano (LFA México), United States Football League (USFL), European League of Football (ELF), Japan X-League (JXL), Women’s National Football Conference (WNFC), X League (XLW), National Arena League (NAL) and the Indoor Football League (IFL).

CFL Canadian Football League 2022

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109th Grey Cup (20 November 2022 – Regina, Saskatchewan)

A Ouellette (Two Rushing Touchdowns) and B Bede (Three Field Goals, Two Convert Kicks and One Rouge (Single) were the heroes for Toronto Argonauts scoring 12 points each, and accounting for all the Argos points between them as Toronto ended Winnipeg Blue Bombers dreams of a dynasty with a close 24-23 victory in Regina, Saskatchewan. 

The reigning Grey Cup holders Winnipeg were hoping for a three-peat but went down to A Ouellette’s five yard touchdown run and B Bede’s successful convert kick with less than four minutes remaining. The Blue Bombers had scored through two touchdowns from Quarterback D Prukop and a 102-yard punt return for Touchdown by J Grant, the longest in Grey Cup history as well as a Field Goal and two successful Convert Kicks by M Liegghio, however it was not to be as the Double Blues of Toronto took home the 109th Grey Cup. [References: 11]

LFA Liga de Football Americano (México) 2022

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Tazon Mexico V (Mexico Bowl V)

Marcelo González opened the scoring for Fundidores Monterrey with an 11 yard run in the first quarter for a 6-0 lead (the Point After Touchdown was missed). Jason Smith recovered a fumble for a touchdown in the second quarter and with Alberto Gonzalez kicking the PAT Queretaro Black Roosters were leading 7-6 before the Smelters recovered the lead through a Field Goal to leave Monterrey 9-7 up at Halftime.

In the third quarter the Black Roosters’ Quarterback Marco Garcia sneaked into the endzone to make it 14-9 to Queretaro after another successful PAT. Monterrey again took the lead when Brandon Calzoncit ran in for a TD, but again the PAT was missed to leave Monterrey 15-14 up. Fundidores sealed the victory and their first ever Mexico Bowl with a Field Goal in the fourth quarter to leave the Final score Fundidores Monterrey 18 Gallos Negros Queretaro 14. [References: 2]

USFL United States Football League 2022

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USFL Championship Game 2022 (3 July 2022)

Birmingham Stallions triumphed over Philadelphia Stars 33-30 thanks to two inportant interceptions in the fourth quarter – one of which was returned for a 46yard Touchdown by S Wright III and three more touchdowns as well as two Field Goals by R Aubrey. A Stars fightback in the 4th Quarter was ended by first Wright III’s interception with 3:03 left on the clock and then C McFarland’s timely interception with 28 seconds left which ended the game. [See Box-Score and Recap in the Game Link above]

ELF European League of Football 2022

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ELF Championship Game II (25 September 2022)

Vienna Vikings dominated the Hamburg Sea Devils 27-15 in the Second ever European League of Football Championship Game. The Vikings held the Sea Devils top rusher Glen Toonga to a total of minus five yards in the First Half as Vienna’s Quarterback Jackson Erdmann completing almost all passes. [Reference: S-2

Japan X-League 2022

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JXL Rice Bowl 76 (3 January 2023)

Despite falling behind 14-0 early on thanks to two Mitchell Victor Jamano Touchdown runs for Panasonic Impulse, Fujitsu Frontiers captured their second Rice Bowl in a row thanks to three Touchdown runs by their own Trashawn Nixon, the first one pulling them to within four points at the half, the second bringing the Frontiers back into the game after Panasonic’s Quarterback Jaylon Henderson found Watanabe Jamal for a 10-yard Touchdown Pass and then Nixon’s third Rushing TD, which earned him the MVP (Most Valuable Player) Award and put Fujitsu 29-21 up following the Frontiers go-ahead Passing TD from QB Tsubasa Takagi to Kyohei Kokaji which put Fujitsu 22-21 up. Frontiers still had to defend for the Final 3 minutes 14 seconds of the match, and despite good 25 yard drive by Panasonic it was ended with Fujitsu’s Defensive Back Takutoshi Takaoka taking his second Interception of the day. Final Score: Fujitsu Frontiers 29 Panasonic Impulse 21 [References: 10] Note: For Rice Bowl Box-Score and Scorers please click on the game in Question (Fujitsu Frontiers 29 Panasonic Impulse 21) in the Rice Bowl Tournament Scoreboard Above.

WNFC Women’s National Football Conference 2022

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WNFC IX Cup Championship Game 2022 (26 June 2022)

Having defeated two unbeaten teams on their way to the IX Cup Championship Game, Utah Falconz were unable to spring another surprise as Texas Elite Spartans triumphed 48-12 to win their fourth straight Women’s National title and third straight WNFC Championship in a row. The Elite Spartans remained the only team to win the WNFC IX Cup since the founding of the Major Women’s Football League, the WNFC. [References: 4-6]

X League 2022 Standings

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X Cup 2022

Chicago Blitz defeated Atlanta Empire 19-12 to lift the X Cup 2022. [References: 1-2]

NAL National Arena League 2022

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NAL Championship (13 August 2022)

Albany Empire won the 2022 NAL Championship in blistering fashion, reeling off 41 unanswered points after Carolina Cobras took a 7-6 lead. Albany quarterback Sam Castronova fired six touchdown passes at the appropriately-named MVP Arena in New York State to make the Empire back-to-back NAL Champions. Even though Albany were 47-7 up after three quarters the never-say-die Cobras punched back with a Zack Brown Fumble Recovery in the Endzone and a 38-yard Adam Smith Touchdown catch but time ran out for the Cobras as the Empire prevailed 47-20 thanks to a 3-yard TD run by Castronova less than two minuters into the game; a catch from Aaron Wascha for a 13-7 Albany lead after a 3-yard Kendrick Ings TD pass; Aaron Wascha scored a second TD catch and another TD pass from Castronova as well as a 10-yard Darius Prince TD put Albany 34-7 ahead. Two more TD passes by Castronova for Albany put the game beyond doubt: to Marquel Wade a lineman Cornelius Lewis to give the Empire an unassailable 47-7 lead at the end of the third quarter. [Reference: 10]

IFL Indoor Football League 2022

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IFL National Championship Game (13 August 2022)

Northern Arizona Wranglers defeated Quad Cities Steamwheelers 47-45 to take the IFL National Championship in Prescott Valley, Arizona. [References: 1B]

Eirball’s Map of CFL Teams 2022

Vector Contributor Porcupen (2022) Canada vintage map and flag – vector illustration [Internet] Available from Shutterstock at: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-vector/canada-vintage-map-flag-vector-illustration-737573665 [Accessed 10 August 2022][CFL Team logos sourced and added by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball]

ABOUT THE CANADIAN FOOTBALL LEAGUE

There are 3 main versions of Gridiron Football: the traditional 11v11 game played in USA, a 12v12 version of the game played in Canada, and a 8v8 version of the game played Indoors on converted Ice Hockey Arenas.

Map of Mexico Showing LFA 2022 Team Locations

Map of LFA Mexico Teams 2022
Mexico map and flag – highly detailed vector illustration

[13] 123RF (2022) Mexico map and flag – highly detailed vector illustration Image ID: 78267524 Copyright: dikobrazik [Internet] Available from: https://www.123rf.com/photo_78267524_mexico-map-and-flag-highly-detailed-vector-illustration.html?vti=o7a7x8rghuckf7jo01-1-64 [Accessed 9 January 2022]

About the 2022 LFA Season

The 2022 Liga de Futbol Americano (Mexico) kicks off its sixth season. First played in 2016 between four teams (Condors CDMX, Eagles CDMX, Mayas CDMX and Raptors EdoMex) with all four teams playing in a single Arena in Mexico City (CDMX – Ciudad de Mexico) [6, 9], the league has grown to a 10 team league in 2022 with the addidion of Reyes Jalisco (Jalisco State Kings) in Guadalajara and Galgos Tijuana (Tijuana Greyhounds) from Estado Baja California (Baja California State) [1] .

Map of USA with USFL Cities and Team Logos

Map of USFL Teams 2022
High detailed United States of America physical map with labeling Contributor: Bardocz Peter with additional USFL 2022 Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie References: [60]

[12] High detailed United States of America physical map with labeling. Item ID: 392033755 Contributor: Bardocz Peter [Internet] Available from: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-vector/high-detailed-united-states-america-physical-392033755 [Accessed 11 January 2022][Combined with NFL AFC Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie][11 February 2022][For NFL Logos please see References 2-8]

About the 2022 USFL Season

The United States Football League (USFL) 2022 is a reincarnation of the successful Spring alternative to the National Football League (NFL) which ran from 1983 to 1985 before an unsuccessful bid to move to an autumn season and taking the NFL head-on [See link to USFL 1983-1985 below for more details]. The 2022 version shall be played entirely within a Hub City in Birmingham, Alabama, a model first used by The Spring League (TSL) from 2016 to 2021, before that league went into partnership with Fox Sports and bought out the naming rights and logos of the USFL 1983-1985 and renaming itself USFL for 2022 [See link below for The Spring League for more details] . The USFL 2022 published a 10-game schedule culminating in Semi-Finals and Championship Game between the top two teams in each Division [10].

Map of Europe featuring Team Logos and Locations

Map of European League of Football Teams 2022
Map of Europe featuring European League of Football 2022 Team Logos and Locations [References: M-1]

[M-1] Map Contributor: Rainer Lesniewski (2022) Stock Vector ID: 151344206 europe map [Internet] Available from: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-vector/europe-map-151344206 [Accessed 12 June 2022][Overlaid with ELF Team Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie][Logo References: ELF-1 to ELF-12]

About the European League of Football 2022

In some ways a resurrection of the old National Football League sponsored World League of American Football / National Football League Europe League, the European League of Football is the latest top-level Professional American Football League spanning the continent of Europe. The League resurrected many of the old WLAF and NFLE team names, such as Barcelona Dragons (Catalonia), Frankfurt Galaxy, Berlin Thunder, Hamburg Sea Devils, Rhein Fire and Cologne Centurions, as well as adding new teams Stuttgart Surge and Leipzig Kings (all Germany), and promoting European National League and previously members of other smaller European Professional Leagues, Raiders Tirol and Vienna Vikings (both Austria), Istanbul Rams (Turkey), and Panthers Wroclaw (Poland).

About Japan X-League X1 Super 2022

The Japan X-League X1 Super is the top Division of American Football in Japan playing for the Rice Bowl, Japan’s equivalent of the Super Bowl. The Rice Bowl is in its’ 76th season this year, starting out as a University All-Star game between East and West in 1947. After 24 wins for Kanto and 12 for Kansai the Rice Bowl became in 1984 a contest between the University Champions and the Social (Club) Champions. Ritsumeikan University Panthers were in 2009 the last University Champions to win the Rice Bowl and in 2021 the Rice Bowl became the sole possession of the X-League after growing concern for the safety of the University players who were younger and less experienced than their Social counterparts, all of whom could boast American professionals in star positions. For 2022 the X-League X1 Super (the top division in Japanese American Football) added four new teams promoted from the X1 Area League – Asahi Beer Silver Star, Asahi Soft Drinks Club Challengers, Tainai Deers and Otonari Fukuoka Suns. The X1 Super was divided into two divisions of six (A and B) to accomodate the promoted teams.

Map of USA Showing WNFC 2022 Team Logos and Locations

Map of WNFC Teams 2022
High detailed United States of America physical map with labeling Contributor: Bardocz Peter with additional WNFC Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie References: [60]

[60] High detailed United States of America physical map with labeling. Item ID: 392033755 Contributor: Bardocz Peter [Internet] Available from: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-vector/high-detailed-united-states-america-physical-392033755 [Accessed 11 January 2022][Combined with WNFC Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie][24 January 2021][For WNFC Logos please see References 3-20]

About the National Women’s Football Conference

The National Women’s Football Conference is a National Women’s Tackle American Football League that brought Women’s Tackle Football to the World Stage for the first time. It is in its 3rd season in 2022 having launched its inaugural season in 2019, and has been featured in CBS, Iheartradio, NFL Network, NBC, ABC, FOX4, Yahoo Sports and Sports Illustrated [22].

About X League 2022

An all new start for the Legends Football League (also known as the Lingerie Football League) in 2022 as a rebrand to the X League and eight new teams sees an eight-week schedule with one game per week (for a total of two games per team) before the top four reach the playoffs and the X Cup 2022. The X League is a rival league to the Women’s National Football Conference, the NFL of Women’s Football, which plays for the IX Cup. The big differences are that the X League is 7v7 Arena Indoor Football versus the WNFC’s standard 11v11 Outdoor American Football, and the lack of protective clothing or knee pads that the X League players wear, although the 2022 edition of this Alternative League sees the gimmick of women wearing little in the way of clothing covered up another little bit more. It is also positioning itself almost entirely in the Western USA, whereas the other AAA Alternative League to the NFL/WNFC in 2022, the USFL is based almost entirely in the Eastern USA. [References: 1-2]

Map of USA showing NAL 2022 Team Locations

Map of USA National Arena League Teams 2022
[60] High detailed United States of America physical map with labeling. Item ID: 392033755 Contributor: Bardocz Peter [Internet] Available from: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-vector/high-detailed-united-states-america-physical-392033755 [Accessed 11 January 2022][Combined with NAL Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie][27 September][For NAL Logos please see References 3-8]

2022 National Arena League Preview

After a reduced schedule of 8 games in 2021 due to Covid-19 concerns, the National Arena League has scheduled a full 14-week schedule with each team playing 12 games for 2022. Jersey Flight have left the league after finishing 2-6 in 2021 and have been replaced by San Antonio Gunslingers, giving the NAL a footprint in Texas. Albany Empire shall be defending the title they won in 2021 with a 7-1 record and two 2-Touchdown victories in the playoffs: 79-62 versus Columbus Lions in the Championship Game after a 55-41 defeat of Carolina Cobras in the Semi-Finals.

ABOUT the IFL 2022

For the 2022 season the Indoor Football League lost the Louisville Xtreme and Spokane Shock but added Bay Area Panthers (San Jose, California), Quad Cities Steamwheelers (Moline, Illinois), San Diego Strike Force (California) and Vegas Knight Hawks (Las Vegas, Nevada) to incease to a 14-team league, divided into two Conferences (East and West) of seven teams each.

The Indoor Football League is a Major American Football League playing Reduced Numbers (8v8) Arena Indoor American Football in USA. Previously AAA, it has since the demise of the Arena Football League (a Major League) after the 2019 season, expanded its Geographic Reach, and has taken the AFL’s position as the Major League in Indoor/Arena Football. This version of American Football is most popular in Mexico, hence names like Tucson Sugar Skulls. LEXFA (Liga Extrema de Futbol Arena) in Mexico is the Major League in Mexico (and also one of four Mexican Majors)

CF Canadian Football League 2022 REFERENCES

LOGOS

[1] Sports Logos (2021) 2757__canadian_football_league-primary-2016 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/2573/full/2757__canadian_football_league-primary-2016.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

GAMEDAY REFERENCES

[2] Canadian Football League (2021) Schedule 2022 [Internet] Available from: https://www.cfl.ca/schedule/2022/ [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 14 November 2022]

[2B] Canadian Football League (2022) Standings 2022 [Internet] Available from: https://www.cfl.ca/standings/ [Last Accessed 24 October 2022]

[2C] Winnipeg Blue Bombers Facebook (2022) Photo, 29 October 2022 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/BlueBombers/photos/a.783762148323415/6064110433621867/ [Accessed 31 October 2022]

[3] Hamilton Tiger-Cats (2022) Tadgh Leader [Internet] Available from: https://ticats.ca/video/may-28-tadhg-leader  [Accessed 10 June 2022]

[4] Hamilton Tiger-Cats (2022) Transactions [Internet] Available from: https://ticats.ca/article/tiger-cats-transactions-june-5 [Accessed 10 June 2022]

[5] Hamilton Tiger-Cats (2022) Tiger-Cats add Global Kicker Leader [Internet] Available from: https://ticats.ca/article/tiger-cats-add-global-kicker-leader  [Accessed 10 June 2022]

[6] Canadian Football League (2022) Schedule Preseason 2022 Hamilton Tiger-Cats 25 Montreal Alouettes 23 Box-Score [Internet] Available from: https://www.cfl.ca/games/6206/montreal-alouettes-vs-hamilton-tiger-cats/?_ga=2.173484064.2086368179.1654856618-1214091020.1654856618#boxscore [Accessed 10 June 2022]

[7] Canadian Football League (2022)  Schedule Preseason 2022 Hamilton Tiger-Cats 25 Montreal Alouettes 23 Play-by-Play [Internet] Available from: https://www.cfl.ca/games/6206/montreal-alouettes-vs-hamilton-tiger-cats/?_ga=2.173484064.2086368179.1654856618-1214091020.1654856618#playbyplay [Accessed 10 June 2022]

[8] Canadian Football League (2022) Tadgh Leader [Internet] Available from: https://www.cfl.ca/players/tadhg-leader/166367/ [Accessed 10 June 2022]

[9] Canadian Football League (2022) Schedule Preseason 2022 Hamilton Tiger-Cats 17 Toronto Argonauts 18 Match-Up [Internet] Available from: https://www.cfl.ca/games/6208/hamilton-tiger-cats-vs-toronto-argonauts/?_ga=2.211093398.2086368179.1654856618-1214091020.1654856618#matchup [Accessed 10 June 2022]

[10] Canadian Football League (2022)  Schedule Preseason 2022 Hamilton Tiger-Cats 25 Montreal Alouettes 23 Box Score [Internet] Available from: https://www.cfl.ca/games/6208/hamilton-tiger-cats-vs-toronto-argonauts/?_ga=2.211093398.2086368179.1654856618-1214091020.1654856618#boxscore  [Accessed 10 June 2022]

[11] CFL (2022) Game 6296 Toronto Argonauts 24 Winnipeg Blue Bombers 23 [Internet] Available from:  https://www.cfl.ca/games/6296/toronto-argonauts-vs-winnipeg-blue-bombers/?_ga=2.141315762.1468903814.1669053186-1126242507.1665724673#playbyplay [Accessed 21 November 2022]

LOGOS

[3] Sports Logos (2021) 8827_bc_lions-primary-2016 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/91/full/8827_bc_lions-primary-2016.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[4] Sports Logos (2021) 6644_calgary_stampeders-primary-2019 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/92/full/6644_calgary_stampeders-primary-2019.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[5] Sports Logos (2021) edmonton_elks_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-5957 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/6790/full/edmonton_elks_logo_primary_2021_sportslogosnet-5957.png %5BAccessed 31 July 2021]

[6] Sports Logos (2021) 6261_saskatchewan_roughriders-primary-2016 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/98/full/6261_saskatchewan_roughriders-primary-2016.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[7] Sports Logos (2021) 2517_winnipeg_blue_bombers-primary-2012 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/100/full/2517_winnipeg_blue_bombers-primary-2012.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[8] Sports Logos (2021) 6242 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/94/full/6242.gif [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[9] Sports Logos (2021) 4816_toronto_argonauts-primary-2021 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/99/full/4816_toronto_argonauts-primary-2021.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[10] Sports Logos (2021) 9827_ottawa__redblacks-primary-2014 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/5033/full/9827_ottawa__redblacks-primary-2014.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

[11] Sports Logos (2021) 5778_montreal_alouettes-primary-2019 [Internet] Available from: https://content.sportslogos.net/logos/8/95/full/5778_montreal_alouettes-primary-2019.png [Accessed 31 July 2021]

CFL 2022 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Steve Hearn and Anton “Pippo” O’Grady (Dublin Bay Raptors)

LFA Liga de Football Americano References

[1] Liga de Futbol Americano (2022) Calendario 2022 [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/calendario-2022/ [Accessed 21 December 2021][Last Accessed 10 May 2022]
[1a] Liga de Futbol Americano (2022) Standings [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/standings [Last Accessed 9 May 2022]

[1b] Liga de Futbol Americano (2022) Home [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/ [Last Accessed 9 May 2022]

[1c] Liga de Futbol Americano (2022) Fundidores lights its flame at the Estadio Caliente for its first Championship in history [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/fundidores-enciende-su-llama-en-el-estadio-caliente-para-su-primer-campeonato-en-la-historia/ [Accessed 23 May 2022]

Preview References WEBSITES

[2] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Standings [Internet] Available from: http://lfa.mx/home/standings/ [Accessed 20 January 2018]

[3] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Calendario [Internet] Available from: http://lfa.mx/home/calendario/ [Accessed 14 April 2018]

[4] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Standings [Internet] Available from: http://lfa.mx/standings/ [Accessed 14 April 2018]

[5] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2018) LFPA Calendario [Internet] Available from: http://lfa.mx/calendario/ [Accessed 14 April 2018]

[6] American Football International (2016) Mayas Win First Liga de Football Americano Championship Game In Mexico [Internet] available from: http://www.americanfootballinternational.com/mayas-win-first-liga-de-futboll-americano-championship-game-mexico/ [accessed 5 August 2018]

[7] LFA Mexico (2019) Standings [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/standings/ [Accessed 15 April 2019]

[8] LFA Mexico (2019) Calendario [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/calendario/[Accessed 13 May 2019]

[9] Liga de Futbol Americano Profesional (2016) LFPA Standings [Internet] Available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20161106181310/http://lfa.mx/home/standings/ [Accessed 20 January 2018]

[10] Liga Football Americano Mexico (2020) Standings [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/standings-lfa-2020/ [Accessed 17 April 2020]

[11] Liga Football Americano Mexico (2020) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/calendario-lfa-2020/ [Accessed 17 April 2020]

[12] Liga Football Americano Mexico (2020) #ESTOES LFA [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/ [Accessed 17 April 2020]

[13] Liga Football Americano Mexico / Cinthiya Garcia (2021) A postponement that hurts, but it’s for everyone’s sake [Internet] Available from: https://lfa.mx/una-postergacion-que-duele-pero-es-por-el-bien-de-todos/ [Accessed 18 May 2021]

Logo references

[14] Condors LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 5, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/CondorsLFA/photos/a.849000958532449/3650845258347991/ [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/156170347_3650845261681324_1343936098449651172_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=Off9afsir7EAX-eTVa5&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=f04cd67af1934cde5fc69f4926d00448&oe=61C2AF22 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[15] Dinos LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, February 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/DinosLFA/photos/a.1098375663531454/3637578546277807/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/145511336_3637578549611140_188757273752279880_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=gSWRy8aB7dIAX8l8_-A&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=9500539ff6b65410d5e5042bddb44625&oe=61BFF0C5  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[16] Fundidores LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 16, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=284974656970640&set=a.118343776967063    [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/256036343_284974650303974_2647505166117146873_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=b-G_cXZObkQAX_tB02t&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=aee3e57bf4fc4eae3a384a9ce5050a0c&oe=61A08B97  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[17] Galgos Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 17, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/galgoslfa/photos/a.108310031666817/112983941199426/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at:  https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/252761059_112983937866093_8472956443678492315_n.jpg?_nc_cat=105&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=NANmTB6vq5AAX-zWa67&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=b0f23b6874891577c5faf26db30252bf&oe=61A114EC ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[18] Mexicas LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/MexicasLFA/photos/a.1014327461963314/4687022084693815   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/251123045_4687022081360482_3247634362025467080_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=OoUZYU6nZycAX82rjsY&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=ad2fe97e3b32c3ac9dcdb1129875a488&oe=619FAB45 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[19] Raptors LFA Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 5, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/RaptorsLFA/photos/a.208212012844821/1597088927290449  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/253731409_1597088923957116_2180559504148918797_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=yEYkH6g72yYAX-7NLr7&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=9adac1a0cf5bc5cdf94a6e4bb25fce68&oe=61A0089A  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[20] Reyes LFA (2021) Profile Picture, November 19, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ReyesLFA/photos/a.104544895379393/113206377846578 [Accessed 21 December 2021][Actual Image link available at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/258195584_113206374513245_5663298235135969257_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=zn-zaWl4W4gAX9YEBZR&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_lNWqkZvrPIwTDFtz3FinayT6oF9lUkQJxBrNCq-bwzw&oe=61C6A29E   [Accessed 21 December 2021]

[21] Liga Football Americano Mexico (2019) LFA 2018 Logo [Internet] Available from: https://i1.wp.com/lfa.mx/2018/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/LFAlogonew.png?fit=734%2C734&ssl=1 %5BAccessed 1 August 2018]

Map Reference

[22] 123RF (2022) Mexico map and flag – highly detailed vector illustration Image ID: 78267524 Copyright: dikobrazik [Internet] Available from: https://www.123rf.com/photo_78267524_mexico-map-and-flag-highly-detailed-vector-illustration.html?vti=o7a7x8rghuckf7jo01-1-64 [Accessed 10 January 2022]/ LFA Team and Map Combined by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie

LFA 2022 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Caroline Mitchell & Francesco

USFL 2022 References

[1] Fox Sports (2022) USFL unveils team cities, nicknames and logos for 2022 debut [Internet] Available from: https://www.foxsports.com/stories/usfl/usfl-unveils-team-cities-nicknames-and-logos-for-2022-debut [Accessed 11 February 2022]

[10] Fox Sports (2022) USFL 2022: Jeff Fischer, Larry Fedora named as final two coaches [Internet] Available from: https://www.foxsports.com/stories/usfl/usfl-2022-jeff-fisher-larry-fedora-named-as-final-two-coaches [Accessed 11 February 2022]

Logo References

[2] USFL 2 (2021) Logos_USFL_Panthers [Internet] Available from: https://www.usfl2.com/images/Logos_USFL_Panthers.svg [Accessed 27 December 2021][File type modified]

[3] USFL 2 (2021) Logos_USFL_Generals [Internet] Available from: https://www.usfl2.com/images/Logos_USFL_Generals.svg [Accessed 27 December 2021][File type modified]

[4] USFL 2 (2021) Logos_USFL_Stars [Internet] Available from: https://www.usfl2.com/images/Logos_USFL_Stars.svg [Accessed 27 December 2021][File type modified]

[5] USFL 2 (2021) Logos_USFL_Maulers [Internet] Available from: https://www.usfl2.com/images/Logos_USFL_Maulers.svg [Accessed 27 December 2021][File type modified]

[6] USFL 2 (2021) Logos_USFL_Stallions [Internet] Available from: https://www.usfl2.com/images/Logos_USFL_Stallions.svg  [Accessed 27 December 2021][File type modified]

[7] USFL 2 (2021) Logos_USFL_Gamblers [Internet] Available from: https://www.usfl2.com/images/Logos_USFL_Gamblers.svg  [Accessed 27 December 2021][File type modified]

[8] USFL (2022) Logos_USFL_Breakers [Internet] Available from: https://www.theusfl.com/images/Logos_USFL_Breakers.svg [Accessed 11 February 2022]

[9] USFL 2 (2021) Logos_USFL_Bandits [Internet] Available from: https://www.usfl2.com/images/Logos_USFL_Bandits.svg  [Accessed 27 December 2021][File type modified]

[11] Sports Logos History (2018) USFL Logo 1983-1985 [Internet] Available from: https://sportslogohistory.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/united_states_football_league.png [Accessed 31 December 2019]

Maps

[12] High detailed United States of America physical map with labeling. Item ID: 392033755 Contributor: Bardocz Peter [Internet] Available from: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-vector/high-detailed-united-states-america-physical-392033755 [Accessed 11 January 2022][Combined with NFL AFC Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie][11 February 2022][For NFL Logos please see References 2-8]

Standings and Schedule References

[13] TheUSFL (2022) Standings [Internet] Available from: https://www.theusfl.com/standings [Accessed 26 June 2022]

[14] TheUSFL (2022) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://www.theusfl.com/schedule  [Accessed 9 April 2022][Last Accessed 4 July 2022]

[15] TheUSFL (2022) Box Score: Birmingham Stallions v Philadelphia Stars Box Score 43 [Internet] Available from: https://www.theusfl.com/championship-birmingham-stallions-vs-philadelphia-stars-jul-03-2022-game-boxscore-43 [Accessed 4 July 2022]

USFL 2022 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Todd Zboyan and Decy Maher.

ELF 2022 Schedule References

[S-1] European League of Football (2021) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://europeanleague.football/schedule [Accessed 12 June 2022][Last Accessed 4 October 2022]

[S-2] European League of Football (2022) Breaking:  Vienna Vikings win the 2022 Championship Game [Internet] Available from: https://europeanleague.football/elf-news/breaking-vienna-vikings-win-the-2022-championship-game [Accessed 4 October 2022]

Logo References

[ELF-1] Barcelona Dragons Facebook (2021)Profile Picture: March 24, 2021: 164100830_143302991038424_6685619488922431445_n [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/164100830_143302991038424_6685619488922431445_n.jpg?_nc_cat=104&ccb=1-4&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=7nF5AhntfsEAX9glptP&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=a430079a20cfb0956dd3ea5a7c8db22e&oe=61316F91 [Accessed 11 July 2021]

[ELF-2] Panthers Wroclaw Fabecook (2021) profile Picture September 20, 2013 1235513_483738095055993_896136457_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PanthersWroclaw/photos/a.483738081722661/483738095055993/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-3] Hamburg Sea Devils Facebook (2021) Profile Picture March 9, 2021: 159505975_122355319823281_3096303558860788527_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/HamburgSeaDevils/photos/a.106420621416751/122355316489948 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-4] Stuttgart Surge Facebook (2021) Profile Picture July 27, 2021: 224860379_157740426432198_682630597869113461_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/StuttgartSurgeFootball/photos/a.101150422091199/157740416432199/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-5] Leipzig Kings Facebook (2021) Profile Picture April 23, 2021 176481610_124322863083112_5924150060350890678_n [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/105240348324697/photos/a.105240374991361/124322859749779 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-6] Cologne Centurions Facebook (2021) Profile Picture March 22, 2021 164225775_104312295086165_3866117950552195047_n [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/164225775_104312295086165_3866117950552195047_n.jpg?_nc_cat=107&ccb=1-4&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=q-FxP6s2FecAX8leJ2f&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=b85f562fcd7282fd92b580c46312ec3d&oe=61329D2C [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-7] Frankfurt Galaxy Facebook (2021) Profile Picture April 18, 2021 175159880_127159659432418_8771340701865027771_n  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/frankfurtgalaxy21/photos/a.100834638731587/127159656099085 [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-8] Berlin Thunder Facebook (2021) Profile Picture May 6, 2021 182443261_131030875743347_4880774321224305568_n  [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/BER.Thunder/photos/a.106909338155501/131030872410014/ [Accessed 6 August 2021]

[ELF-9] Istanbul Rams Facebook (2016) Profile Picture, October 15, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/IstanbulRams/photos/a.442986371827/10158396645326828/  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/243269071_10158396645316828_2189579114400872932_n.png?_nc_cat=101&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=4DCxhDp3C4sAX-H9Gxf&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=e9220f74a42bfd5a77c751654cb975ce&oe=61A0FE36 ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[ELF-10] SWARCO Raiders Tirol Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, October 24, 2018 [Internet] Available from:  https://www.facebook.com/SWARCORaidersTirol/photos/a.428718306297/10156094237966298 [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at:  https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/44726413_10156094237971298_8355790253675511808_n.jpg?_nc_cat=100&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=PUm4jRDwCW8AX_FDvaT&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=fca76f2a6975a9347f666a161a47c636&oe=61C0D05C ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[ELF-11] Rhein Fire Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, September 25, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/rheinfire.football/photos/a.110223358051508/118577120549465/   [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/241280937_118577130549464_5762887138007820785_n.png?_nc_cat=100&_nc_rgb565=1&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=YmhEHOY-jtcAX8lxNFt&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=02dcd3eb9114dce71b510650f2918ae7&oe=61A056EC ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

[ELF-12] AFC Dacia Vienna Vikings Facebook (2016) Profile Picture, May 10, 2016 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/ViennaVikings/photos/a.10150296666230346/10156908106500346/  [Accessed 22 November 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.18169-9/13178930_10156908106500346_760535454859624943_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=jj_tUZy22F8AX9T2S19&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=8ac0b53a04716a88da7f3daec524750a&oe=61C3031B  ][Accessed 22 November 2021]

Note: for individual game scores and stats view each game [click on the game in the schedule above]

ELF 2022 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to John Gunning (American Football International); Tomas; Carmine and Morgan (Dublin Bay Raptors)

JXL Japan X-League 2022 References

[1] Japan X-League (2022) Win-Loss table [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/standing [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[2] Japan X-League (2022) Schedule & Results [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[3] Japan X-League (2022) Matchday Fall 1 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2022/2022-x1-super-autumn-1 [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[4] Japan X-League (2022) Matchday Fall 2 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2022/2022-x1-super-autumn-2 [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[5] Japan X-League (2022) Matchday Fall 3 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2022/2022-x1-super-autumn-3 [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[6] Japan X-League (2022) Matchday Fall 4 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2022/2022-x1-super-autumn-4 [Accessed 25 October 2022]

[7] Japan X-League (2022) Matchday Fall 5 [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2022/2022-x1-super-autumn-5 [Accessed 12 November 2022]

[8] Japan X-League (2022) Matchday Post [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2022/2022-x1-super-post [Accessed 21 November 2022]

[9] Japan X-League (2022) Matchday RBT [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/schedule/2022/2022-x1-super-rbt [Accessed 15 December 2022]

[10] XLeague Japan (2023) Fujitsu wins back-to-back Rice Bowl with run attack explosion, Panasonic! Seventh Japan [Google Translate] [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.jp/news/36485 [Accessed 3 January 2023]

ICON REFERENCES

[27] X-League (2021) fujitsu [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/fujitsu.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[28] X-League (2021) obic [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/obic.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[29] X-League (2021) impulse [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/impulse.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[30] X-League (2021) elecom [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/elecom.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[31] X-League (2021) ibm [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/ibm.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[32] X-League (2021) tokyogas [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/tokyogas.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[33] X-League (2021) hel-lions [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/hel-lions.png  [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[34] X-League (2021) rise [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/rise.png [Accessed 4 August 2021]

[35] Japan X League (2022) silver [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/silver.png [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[36] Japan X League (2022) challengers [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/challengers.png [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[37] Japan X League (2022) fukuoka-suns [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/fukuoka-suns.png [Accessed 20 October 2022]

[38] Japan X League (2022) deers [Internet] Available from: https://s3-ap-northeast-1.amazonaws.com/xleague/images/team/icon/deers.png [Accessed 20 October 2022]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to John Gunning (Japan Times and Inside Sport Japan) and Caoilfhionn NicFhearai

WNFC 2022 References

Schedule References

[1] WNFC Football (2022) Schedule 2022 [Internet] Available from: https://www.wnfcfootball.com/tickets [Accessed 17 July 2022]

[2] WNFC Football (2022) Home [Internet] Available from: https://www.wnfcfootball.com/ [Accessed 11 June 2022]

[3] Denver Bandits Facebook (2022) Post, June 10 2022 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/DenvBandits/posts/pfbid024ghRFgcX99p2Exz62qxdxrmYfTcbc8JCxHcvqrdwpU6i8Qdrqut3HdQgzpmT5zB6l [Accessed 4 July 2022]

[4] Texas Elite Spartans (2022) Texas Elite Spartans win 3rd Straight WNFC Atlantic Conference Title [Internet] Available from: https://www.texaselitewomensfootball.com/post/texas-elite-spartans-win-3rd-straight-wnfc-atlantic-conference-title [Accessed 4 July 2022]

[5] WNFC Football (2022) 2022 IX Cup Title Game is set [Internet] Available from: https://www.wnfcfootball.com/news/the-2022-ix-cup-title-game-is-set [Accessed 4 July 2022]

[6] Texas Elite Spartans (2022) Home: 4x National Champions / 3x WNFC Champions [Internet] Available from: https://www.texaselitewomensfootball.com/ [Accessed 4 July 2022]

[7] Women’s National Football Conference (2022) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://www.wnfcfootball.com/schedules [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[8] Women’s National Football Conference (2022) 2022 Scores [Internet] Available from: https://www.wnfcfootball.com/2022-scores [Accessed 12 April 2022]

[9] Women’s National Football Conference (2022) Week 2 Plays of the Game! [Internet] Available from: https://www.wnfcfootball.com/single-post/week-2-plays-of-the-game [Accessed 18 April 2022]

[10] Women’s National Football Conference (2022) 2022 Schedule and Tickets [Internet] Available from: https://www.wnfcfootball.com/tickets [Accessed 26 May 2022]

Team Logo References

[3] Alabama Fire Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, October 21, 2018 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/alabamafire/photos/a.1609678612645442/2293692044244092/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/44509495_2293692047577425_4284616892968075264_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=cQmCwodyQdEAX-kFyPU&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_8vGrz57fSeRJqyW55hpcP_F5vJhTx_F_ZxYMRseWcOQ&oe=621566F2 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[4] Atlanta Phoenix Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, April 14, 2018 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/AtlantaPhoenixFootball/photos/a.224221407625012/1626942494019556 [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at:https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.18169-9/30697661_1626942494019556_7969326540513182352_n.png?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=174925&_nc_ohc=Jp1t1-bXQHsAX-ugEOD&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-wdnImKivvSS61iNOGXls9xHH_l5geYJawYx1a6fcQEQ&oe=6212DE84 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[5] Denver Bandits Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, June 17, 2019 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/DenvBandits/photos/a.694497494246762/857745641255279/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/64665741_857745644588612_690902092935593984_n.jpg?_nc_cat=101&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=ns4HkFNPsy0AX-ns5Es&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-GMZ2la3wrvayys0Y6tNMYdVdGxTNIbCRU6n3PBjmDQg&oe=621522E9 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[6] Florida Avengers Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, November 3, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/Florida.Avengers/photos/a.444326052990129/1073632963392765/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/252851785_1073632960059432_8783092411184468427_n.jpg?_nc_cat=107&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=22cjTbIcL8YAX-brk_1&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-rn_JeOLGueQ62PUdnTF37ba5VVPGpPgbxEmC-3uMCVw&oe=61F2B6FB  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[7] Houston Heat Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 1, 2020 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/WNFCHoustonHeat/photos/a.101981541417155/101981974750445 [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/89009194_101981978083778_547615919447212032_n.png?_nc_cat=110&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=7jLQROMpYssAX_bSUg4&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9K1VJ-Xlyh6TCNYVdvFD2_bYSZbM1rUPuGc3l63SXF4w&oe=6215516C  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[8] Kansas City Glory (2022) Homepage-Hero-logo [Internet] Available from: https://images.squarespace-cdn.com/content/v1/5ddec83f9ab6b86728e295af/1582579183598-UA8B2Z059AAMXEOWDA1M/Homepage-Hero-logo.png?format=2500w [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[9] La Muerte De Las Cruces Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, June 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/LaMuerteFootball/photos/a.390852434591826/1561945220815869/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/194878743_1561945224149202_7641845063387106805_n.jpg?_nc_cat=100&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=9OWPUuc5UKgAX-khyHF&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT8243sezauFUbOeyBri1zbN3OClBjSOkBFMwt0ISI2H_w&oe=6212CBC5  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[10] Las Vegas Silver Stars Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, June 1, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/LVSilverStarsFootball/photos/a.1929343060616749/2899989276885451 [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/248577713_2899989270218785_131257031838698926_n.png?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=qxHLlhCyIwIAX_fD1II&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9NBXIrQZ-lANT0-nEvhcY5jXQ-9EndWV_81CjSC20_7w&oe=61F41286 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[11] Los Angeles Legends Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, September 25, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/242987749_276821104124228_3927993075810519203_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=e3f864&_nc_ohc=L_Q65aQZL68AX-2JjeL&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_Ji9PHJ8rUYPF-IA2m2rtyIQkAQ0wUAGrGzNUmJs3CHQ&oe=61F38E9F [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t39.30808-6/242987749_276821104124228_3927993075810519203_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=e3f864&_nc_ohc=L_Q65aQZL68AX-2JjeL&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_Ji9PHJ8rUYPF-IA2m2rtyIQkAQ0wUAGrGzNUmJs3CHQ&oe=61F38E9F  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[12] Mississippi Panthers Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, February 2, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/MSLadyPanthers/photos/a.575906792827673/1153536968397983/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/145288747_1153536971731316_2848686869016924911_n.jpg?_nc_cat=102&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=V-3yYTBAJQwAX8YPnCx&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-CSuYrerBEmufa0tp-50nofw-w188z_ggKmmD6tQ-DIQ&oe=6213BC91  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[13] Oregon Ravens (2022) qt=q_95 [Internet] Available from: https://img1.wsimg.com/isteam/ip/326e9407-7443-4da5-a670-39b13b7164b9/logo/fa9954f8-725e-4ec5-a68f-5fe6c965ee58.png/:/rs=w:464,h:308,cg:true,m/cr=w:464,h:308/qt=q:95 [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[14] Philadelphia Phantomz Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, June 17, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PhantomzFootball/photos/a.102794326739605/1453719594980398/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/201968735_1453719601647064_3836045334241024886_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=trlH0vaotY8AX_c1G3B&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT_uuaruRfjS8o6Mxq2UiHRMCvhNtwFD6a56VIe2p0F2fw&oe=62138196  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[15] Phoenix Prowlers Facebook (2020) Profile Picture, July 1, 2020 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PhoenixProwlers/photos/a.269533323675889/616087212353830/ [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Image Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/82912655_616087215687163_1901893860461600867_n.jpg?_nc_cat=105&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=S3I48O9maFIAX_Q7Sj6&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9AnmXZcLMwCkNfXkvg1Nk8vQ24U4EPqKGcKwr8BPxX1A&oe=62126E0E  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[16] San Diego Rebellion (2022) Rebellion_noSDR_colorbkgrd-2048×1306 [Internet] Available from: https://sandiegorebellion.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Rebellion_noSDR_colorbkgrd-2048×1306.png [Accessed 24 January 2021]

[17] Seattle Majestics Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, March 16, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/photo/?fbid=124573763007179&set=a.124573753007180  [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/161980636_124573766340512_6997491678419297740_n.jpg?_nc_cat=103&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=W5lerB3p6vMAX8pgKcG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-or5wfT9cNPTH8EOgDCOTKXWvnT3g9L5IoKxqbY7jtSg&oe=6213E17F [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[18] Texas Elite Spartans Facebook (2018) Profile Picture, June 13, 2018 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/TexasEliteWomensFootball/photos/a.858993514267272/952798374886785  [Accessed 24 January 2022][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/35199038_952798378220118_8483117007296790528_n.jpg?_nc_cat=108&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=174925&_nc_ohc=UFujdTN1TcAAX-J7EiE&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT8BIjouip6Bt8otGYJaWC3kX3A5lmOfCyDhf9GDJaz5Gw&oe=62145C1A  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[19] Utah Falconz (2022) Asset-1 [Internet] Available from: https://secureservercdn.net/198.71.233.203/79k.a05.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/Asset-1.png [Accessed 24 January 2022]

[20] Washington Prodigy (2022) 10SeasonsLogoShieldWhiteBG [Internet] Available from: https://images.squarespace-cdn.com/content/v1/58fa4a95bebafb32e27e2b9f/63bf0db8-db1b-457f-9d60-8b2162fb7077/10SeasonsLogoShieldWhiteBG.png?format=1500w  [Accessed 24 January 2022]

‘About’ References

[22] Women’s National Football Conference (2022) About [Internet] Available from: https://www.wnfcfootball.com/about [Accessed 24 January 2022]

Map References

[60] High detailed United States of America physical map with labeling. Item ID: 392033755 Contributor: Bardocz Peter [Internet] Available from: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-vector/high-detailed-united-states-america-physical-392033755 [Accessed 11 January 2022][Combined with WNFC Logos by Enda Mulcahy for Eirball.ie][24 January 2021][For WNFC Logos please see References 3-20]

WNFC ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Brianna Wallace & Heather Foust (Dublin Bay Raptors)

X League 2022 References

[1] X League (2022) Printable Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.live/wp-content/uploads/2022/03/2022-printable-schedule.pdf [Accessed 6 May 2022]

[2] X League (2022) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.live/en/schedule [Accessed 23 June 2022][Last Accessed 6 September 2022]

[3] X League (2022) Standings [Internet] Available from: https://xleague.live/en/standings [Accessed 23 June 2022][Last Accessed 7 August 2022]

X League 2022 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Fiona Corrigan, Caoimhe Mullaney, Aisling Delaney, Roisin NicDhonnachadha & Larissa McCloyne.

NAL 2022 References

Schedule References

[1] National Arena League (2021) Standings – Regular Season 2022 [Internet] Available from: https://www.nationalarenaleague.com/stats#/1200/standings?division_id=15180&render=division [Accessed 11 June 2022][Last Accessed 27 September 2022]

[2] National Arena League (2021) Schedule 2022 [Internet] Available from: https://www.nationalarenaleague.com/stats#/1200/schedule?all&division_id=15180 [Accessed 23 December 2021][Last Accessed 27 September 2022]

Logo References

[3] Albany Empire Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, April 21, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/AlbanyEmpireNAL/photos/a.114119940511473/224039989519467/ [Accessed 23 December 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/175722931_224039992852800_3153126319118634559_n.png?_nc_cat=104&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=ohlvircLPMoAX_F9cMm&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT90KU5WOVOZR4Y8VkZsjP154jfk_OubmKE2B2R0ka4eWg&oe=61E834C7 ][Accessed 23 December 2021]

[4] Carolina Cobras Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, January 30, 2019 [Internet] Available from:https://www.facebook.com/CARCOBRAS/photos/a.729681523895324/1018696151660525/ [Accessed 23 December 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/51150903_1018696154993858_4453961032473247744_n.png?_nc_cat=104&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=hIm2yhgPPcYAX_v7TQx&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9oPksC5cZ3I_mCfXQwS3923TLy2BqZN6BqlfrhS6VP2Q&oe=61E961A6 ][Accessed 23 December 2021]

[5] Columbus Lions Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, January 5 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/Lionsfootball/photos/a.394426010611320/3553889807998242/ [Accessed 23 December 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/135232744_3553889814664908_5635971999624288916_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=8Z9JZ2zOO9MAX-qI9qp&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT8NNz6e5afjgI29U5LzGzVHTiZQJ-wt7mNigAdqWfu1Hw&oe=61E9CE0B ][Accessed 23 December 2021]

[6] Jacksonville Sharks Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, April 8, 2021 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/jaxsharks/photos/a.447633111742/10158252413896743/ [Accessed 23 December 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/171575270_10158252413901743_5558377385564098303_n.jpg?_nc_cat=104&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=NHluAl2NqAYAX_X6GGB&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT-1F6HsHx4X-w7Z2zbvhrur29bz3TGNwdd4-DxEAN_F3g&oe=61E9AB9A ][Accessed 23 December 2021]

[7] Orlando Predators Facebook (2020) Profile Picture, November 22, 2020 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/PredatorsNAL/photos/a.111663323669188/216208296548023/ [Accessed 23 December 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/127025930_216208299881356_1495890677339676587_n.jpg?_nc_cat=111&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=B6aAth-qw-sAX8jcA7g&tn=7uF7rGUPgPXI7zGG&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT8y49iFCKl8yfkyiCKbxhPZiWaomzkjW2HiUzVybSmReA&oe=61E85DBC][Accessed 23 December 2021]

[8] San Antonio Gunslingers Facebook (2021) Profile Picture, April 5, 2020 [Internet] Available from: https://www.facebook.com/210sagunslingers/photos/a.107469927582326/107588840903768/  [Accessed 23 December 2021][Actual Logo Reference at: https://scontent-dub4-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.6435-9/92099595_107588847570434_4538398238381703168_n.jpg?_nc_cat=109&ccb=1-5&_nc_sid=09cbfe&_nc_ohc=nj11ENCAd8oAX-aUQw4&_nc_ht=scontent-dub4-1.xx&oh=00_AT9PpdfDGBgOlDXck_mgS9hfmlojTW60qccrmQz39fHqzA&oe=61E95ACB ][Accessed 23 December 2021]

NAL Championship Report Reference

[10] National Arena League (2022) Empire Conquer Cobras 47-20 in NAL Championship [Internet] Available from: https://www.nationalarenaleague.com/news/empire-conquer-cobras-47-20-in-nal-championship [Accessed 27 September 2022]

IMAGES

[9] National Arena League (2018) logo [Internet] Available from: http://www.nationalarenaleague.com/images/logo.png [Accessed 26 November 2019]

[1] Sutterstock / Wangkun Jia (2019) Amway Center, Orlando [Internet] Available from: https://www.shutterstock.com/image-photo/orlando-jan-24-2019-amway-center-2055516044 [Accessed 24 December 2021]

NAL 2022 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Todd Zboyan & Tim Leadingham.

IFL 2022 References

[1] Indoor Football League (2021) 2022 Football Standings [Internet] Available from: https://goifl.com/standings.aspx?standings=9 [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 August 2022]

[1B] Indoor Football League (2022) Calendar Season = 2022 [Internet] Available from: https://goifl.com/calendar.aspx?season=2022 [Accessed 7 August 2022][Last Accessed 15 August 2022]

[2] Arizona Rattlers (2021) 2022 Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://azrattlers.com/sports/football/schedule/2022 [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[3] Bay Area Panthers (2021) 2022 Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://www.bayareapanthers.com/stats#/team-schedule?team_id=153709 [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[4] Duke City Gladiators (2021) 2022 Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://dukecitygladiators.com/sports/football/schedule/2022 [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[5] Northern Arizona Wranglers (2021) 2022 Football Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://nazwranglers.com/sports/football/schedule [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[6] San Diego Strike Force (2021) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://www.sdstrikeforce.com/schedule [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[7] Spokane Shock (2021) Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://thespokaneshock.com/sports/football/schedule [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 23 March 2022]

[8] Tucson Sugar Skulls (2021) 2022 Tucson Sugar Skulls Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://tucsonsugarskulls.com/sports/football/schedule [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[9] Vegas Knight Hawks (2021) Vegas Knight Hawks Announce Inaugural Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://www.hendersonsilverknights.com/vegas-knight-hawks-announce-inaugural-season-schedule/ [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[10] Bismarck Bucks (2021) 2022 Bucks Football Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://www.bismarckbucks.com/sports/football/schedule/2022 [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[11] Frisco Fighters (2021) 2022 Football Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://friscofighters.com/sports/football/schedule [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[12] Green Bay Blizzard (2021) 2022 Football schedule [Internet] Available from: https://greenbayblizzard.com/sports/football/schedule/2022 [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[13] Iowa Barnstormers (2021) 2022 Football Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://theiowabarnstormers.com/sports/football/schedule [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[14] Massachusetts Pirates (2021) 2022 Pirates Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://masspiratesfootball.com/schedule/ [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[15] Quad Cities Steamwheelers (2021) 2022 Home Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://steamwheelersfootball.com/schedule/home-schedule-mm.html [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

[16] Sioux Falls Storm (2021) 2022 Football Schedule [Internet] Available from: https://siouxfallsstorm.com/sports/football/schedule [Accessed 18 December 2021][Last Accessed 7 May 2022]

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Thanks to Bart Barden, Tim Leadingham & Sam Thompson

ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT

Researched, compiled and written by Enda Mulcahy for the

Eirball | Irish, North American & World Sports Archive

Last Updated: 27 February 2023

(c) Copyright Enda Mulcahy and Eirball 2023

You may quote this document in part provided that proper acknowledgement is given to the authors. All Rights Reserved. The Logos and Photos used in this article remain the property of the organisations and individuals which own the copyright and are used here for educational and information purposes only.

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